Bolinopsis vitrea (L. Agassiz 1860)

Bolinopsis vitrea is a common ctenophore in the São Sebastião Channel, where
it forms blooms during colder months. It resembles
M. leidyi but can be distinguished by the central origin of the lobes, forming short furrows between lobes and the central portion of its body. The outer surface of the body is smooth and dark red spots can be seen inside the jelly.

Specimens reach about 70 mm in length.

The species occurs in tropical and subtropical neritic waters of Atlantic and Indian oceans and in the Mediterranean Sea.

For further information on Bolinopsis vitrea see:

· Mayer, A.G. (1912) Ctenophores of the Atlantic coast of North America. Carnegie Institution of Washington (Publ. 162), 58pp. [PDF 5.8Mb]

· Mianzan, H.W. (1999) Ctenophora. In: Boltovskoy, D. (Ed.), South Atlantic Zooplankton. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, p. 561–573.

· Oliveira, O.M.P. & Migotto, A.E. (2006) Pelagic ctenophores from the São Sebastião Channel, southeastern Brazil. Zootaxa, 1183: 1-26. [PDF available under request]

· Oliveira, O.M.P.; Mianzan, H.; Migotto, A.E. & Marques, A.C. (2007) Identification key for the ctenophores from Brazilian coast. Biota Neotropica, 7(3): 341-350. [PDF]